# Simultaneous Diameters in Concurrent Circles

## What is this about?

A Mathematical Droodle

What if applet does not run? |

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Copyright © 1996-2018 Alexander Bogomolny

The applet attempts to suggest the following problem [Geometry, p. 258]:

Three circles, say, (P), (Q), (R), concur at point O, and meet at three other points D, E, and F, as illustrated in the applet. The following sets of points are collinear: A, O, D; B, O, E; C, O, F. OA is a diameter of (P); OB is a diameter of (Q). Prove that OC is a diameter of (R).

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### Proof 1

Invert the diagram in a circle with center O. Circles (P), (Q), (R) map onto straight lines that form a triangle with vertices D', E', F' which are respective images of D, E, F. Lines AD, BE, CF that pass through the center O of inversion map onto themselves and thus serve cevians in ΔD'E'F' that concur at O.

Every diameter in a circle is perpendicular to a circle, i.e., to the tangents at its endpoints. Thus, e.g.,

### Proof 2

Let A' lie on (P) in an arc EF that does not contain O. Define B' as the second intersection of A'F with (Q), and C' as the second intersection of A'E with (R). We know that B'C' pass through D. Furthermore, position of A' does not affect the angles in ΔA'B'C', so that all those triangles are similar. One of these triangles is the largest. This is the triangle for which OA', OB', OC' are the diameters of (P), (Q), and (R), respectively. In fact, if one of them is a diameter, so are the other two.

We are in fact given that, for A' = A, B' = B. We need to show that then

Since OA is a diameter of (P), ∠AEO = 90°. Since OB is a diameter of (Q), ∠BDO = 90°, implying that in ΔABC', AD and BE are altitudes, O the orthocenter, and C'O is the thrid altitude. But, since OA is a diameter of (P),

### Proof 3

This proof has been devised by Patrick Honner and relates to the following diagram:

I placed the proof on a separarte page.

### Proof 4

The problem admits a generalization: instead of the common chords, we may consider the radical axes of two circles. Such a generalization is indeed valid and is treated on a separate page. The concurrency of the circles appears to be a *red herring*.

### References

- D. A. Brannan, M. F. Esplen, J. J. Gray,
*Geometry*, Cambridge University Press, 2002

|Activities| |Contact| |Front page| |Contents| |Geometry|

Copyright © 1996-2018 Alexander Bogomolny