# On Bottema's Shoulders II

What Is This About?

A Mathematical Droodle

What if applet does not run? |

|Activities| |Contact| |Front page| |Contents| |Geometry|

Copyright © 1996-2018 Alexander Bogomolny

### On Bottema's Shoulders

What if applet does not run? |

Consider a configuration of two squares ACB_{c}B_{a} and BCA_{c}A_{b} with a common vertex C. Bottema's theorem claims that the midpoint M of the segment A_{b}B_{a} is independent of C. Professor W. McWorter has observed that the result still holds if the squares are replaced with similar parallelograms so that the angles B_{a}AC and BCA_{c} are equal. The proof is actually the same as that for Bottema's original theorem. One just has to replace the factor i with an arbitrary complex number. The proof can be slightly simplified by placing A at the origin, such that

Let c be a complex number. Define

B_{a} = cg,

A_{c} = g + c(b - g), and

A_{b} = A_{c} + (b - g).

Then

A_{b} = b + c(b - g).

For the midpoint M of A_{b}B_{a}, we get

M | = (A_{b} + B_{a})/2 |

= (cg + b + cb - cg)/2, | |

= b(1 + c)/2, |

which is independent of g, i.e. C.

### Bottema's Theorem

- Bottema's Theorem
- An Elementary Proof of Bottema's Theorem
- Bottema's Theorem - Proof Without Words
- On Bottema's Shoulders
- On Bottema's Shoulders II
- On Bottema's Shoulders with a Ladder
- Friendly Kiepert's Perspectors
- Bottema Shatters Japan's Seclusion
- Rotations in Disguise
- Four Hinged Squares
- Four Hinged Squares, Solution with Complex Numbers
- Pythagoras' from Bottema's
- A Degenerate Case of Bottema's Configuration
- Properties of Flank Triangles
- Analytic Proof of Bottema's Theorem
- Yet Another Generalization of Bottema's Theorem
- Bottema with a Product of Rotations
- Bottema with Similar Triangles
- Bottema in Three Rotations
- Bottema's Point Sibling

|Activities| |Contact| |Front page| |Contents| |Geometry|

Copyright © 1996-2018 Alexander Bogomolny

71413260