Symmedian via Squares and a Circle

Form squares $ABGF\;$ and $ACDE\;$ in the exterior of $\Delta ABC.\;$ Let $O\;$ be the center of circle $(AEF),\;$ as shown

Squares and a circle lead to a symmedian, problem

Then that the line $OA\;$ is the symmedian in $\Delta ABC\;$ through vertex $A.$

Proof 1

The distance from $O\;$ to $AB\;$ equals $\displaystyle d(O,AB)=OJ=\frac{1}{2}AF=\frac{1}{2}AB:$

Squares and a circle lead to a symmedian, solution 1

Similarly the distance $\displaystyle d(O,AC)=\frac{1}{2}AC.\;$ It follows that $\displaystyle \frac{d(O,AB)}{d(O,AC)}=\frac{AB}{AC}\;$ which is one of the characteristic properties of the symmedian.

Proof 2

The configuration of two squares on the sides of a triangle is a part of the well known Bride's Chair; $\Delta AEF\;$ is a flank triangle of $\Delta ABC.\;$ The altitude through $A\;$ in the former is the median through $A\;$ in the latter:

Squares and a circle lead to a symmedian, solution 2

It is also true that angles $BAC\;$ and $EAF\;$ share the angle bisector. On the other hand, in $\Delta AEF\;$ the orthocenter and the circumcenter are isogonal conjugate, implying that the altitude through $A\;$ is isogonal to $AO.\;$ Thus, in $\Delta ABC,\;$ the line $AO\;$ is isogonal to the median $AM_a\;$ and, therefore, is the symmedian through $A.$


  1. Sammy Luo and Cosmin Pohoata, Let's Talk About Symmedians!, Mathematical Reflections 4 (2013), 1-11


  1. All about Symmedians
  2. Symmedian and Antiparallel
  3. Symmedian and 2 Antiparallels
  4. Symmedian in a Right Triangle
  5. Nobbs' Points and Gergonne Line
  6. Three Tangents Theorem
  7. A Tangent in Concurrency
  8. Symmedian and the Tangents
  9. Ceva's Theorem
  10. Bride's Chair
  11. Star of David
  12. Concyclic Circumcenters: A Dynamic View
  13. Concyclic Circumcenters: A Sequel
  14. Steiner's Ratio Theorem
  15. Symmedian via Squares and a Circle
  16. Symmedian via Parallel Transversal and Two Circles
  17. Symmedian and the Simson
  18. Characterization of the Symmedian Point with Medians and Orthic Triangle
  19. A Special Triangle with a Line Through the Lemoine Point

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