# 6 to 9 Point Circle: What Is This About?

A Mathematical Droodle

1 May 2015, Created with GeoGebra

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Copyright © 1996-2017 Alexander Bogomolny

The existence of the 9-point circle for a given triangle, may be established in a variety of ways. In ΔABC, the 9-point circles passes through

- M
_{a}, M_{b}, M_{c}- the midpoints of sides BC, CA, and AB, - H
_{a}, H_{b}, H_{c}- the feet of altitudes to sides BC, CA, and AB, - A
_{h}, B_{h}, C_{h}- the midpoints of AH, BH, CH - the so called*Euler points*.

Bui Quang Tuan came up with a novel proof based on the recent theorem of six concyclic points. Let, as usual, H denote the orthocenter of ΔABC. The proof begins with a construction of three circles (O_{a}), (O_{b}), (O_{c}), which are the circumcircles of triangles HH_{a}M_{a}, HH_{b}M_{b}, HH_{c}M_{c}. Of course the three centers O_{a}, O_{b}, O_{c} are the midpoints of HM_{a}, HM_{b}, HM_{c}. Two circles (O_{b}), (O_{c}) share one common point at H. Their other common point is the reflection of H in O_{b}O_{c} therefore it is on altitude AH_{a}. (This is because _{b}O_{c} ⊥ HH_{a}.)_{a}), (O_{b}), (O_{c}) share one common point at H and another common points are on the Cevians (altitudes) AH_{a}, BH_{b}, CH_{c}. By the six concyclic points theorem, H_{a}, H_{b}, H_{c}, M_{a}, M_{b}, M_{c} are concyclic on a circle, say, (N). In words,

In a given triangle, the feet of altitudes and the midpoints of the sides are concyclic.

Applying this statement to, say, ΔCAH we see that its circle (N) passes through the midpoints of its sides, viz., C_{h}, A_{h}, M_{b} and, of course, through the feet of the altitudes, which happen to be H_{a}, H_{b}, H_{c}. The circles (N) formed for triangles ABH also BCH, also pass through H_{a}, H_{b}, H_{c} so that all three coincide. The latter two pass through A_{h}, B_{h}, M_{c} and B_{h}, C_{h}, M_{a}, respectively. It follows that the common (N) circle passes through all the nine points.

### Nine Point Circle

- Nine Point Circle: an Elementary Proof
- Feuerbach's Theorem
- Feuerbach's Theorem: a Proof
- Four 9-Point Circles in a Quadrilateral
- Four Triangles, One Circle
- Hart Circle
- Incidence in Feuerbach's Theorem
- Six Point Circle
- Nine Point Circle
- 6 to 9 Point Circle
- Six Concyclic Points II
- Bevan's Point and Theorem
- Another Property of the 9-Point Circle
- Concurrence of Ten Nine-Point Circles
- Garcia-Feuerbach Collinearity
- Nine Point Center in Square

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Copyright © 1996-2017 Alexander Bogomolny

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