# Property of Angle BisectorsWhat is this about? A Mathematical Droodle

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Explanation

Angle bisectors divide the opposite side in the ratio of the adjacent sides. More accurately,

If, in ΔABC, AD is an angle bisector of angle A, then

AB/AC = DB/DC.

Note that the same holds also for the external angle bisectors.

### Proof

Assume the straight line through C parallel to AD meets AB in E. Then, first of all, ΔAEC is isosceles: AC = AE. This is because

Therefore, AE = AC, and the required proportion follows from the similarity of triangles BEC and BAD. (There is a less standard proof.)

This property of angle bisectors is one way to show that the three angle bisectors in a triangle meet in a point. The result is an immediate consequence of Ceva's theorem.

Last note: the converse theorem holds as a matter of course, because there is only one point on a given segment that divides it in a given ratio. Thus if a point divides the base of a triangle in the ratio equal to the ratio of the sides, it is bound to be the foot of the angle bisector from the apex.

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