At each move a player chooses an "O" and turns it into an "X". At the same time this player may, if he so wishes, change a letter in any other square to the left from the first one. In the left square, the player is allowed to turn "O" into "X" and also "X" into "O". To perform a move, the player should first click under the square he plans to change. After selecting 1 or 2 squares, click on the "Make Move" button. If you plan to change a single square (an "O" into an "X") you may click on that square directly. This is kind of a shortcut with which one should be cautious. You can't undo your moves. The player to make the last move wins.
In the original version, players turn turtles upside down and back to their feet. Not having any aptitude for painting, I settled on the TicTacToe symbols to present the two possible states of each square.
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The game is a Nim in disguise, Nim with eleven rows of lengths
1, 2, 3, ..., and 11. Each square corresponds to one row. "X" in a row indicates that a row is empty while "O" means that the row is full of check marks. Changing "O" into "X" is the same as removing a whole row of check marks. If you wish to remove m check marks from a row that has
- E. R. Berlekamp, J. H. Conway, R. K. Guy, Winning Ways for Your Mathematical Plays, v1, A K Peters, 2001.
- E. R. Berlekamp, J. H. Conway, R. K. Guy, Winning Ways for Your Mathematical Plays, v2, Academic Press, 1982.
- R. K. Guy, Fair Game, Comap's Explorations in Mathematics, 1989
Copyright © 1996-2018 Alexander Bogomolny