Conic in Mixtilinear Incircles

What Might This Be About?

8 January 2014, Created with GeoGebra


The six points of intersection of the mixtilinear incircles with the sides of a triangle lie on a conic.

Conic in Mixtilinear Incircles


Let the points of intersection be $A_b,$ $A_c,$ etc. as shown in the diagram.$

Conic in Mixtilinear Incircles

According to Carnot's Theorem for Conics, the six points will lie on a conic, provided

\(\displaystyle \big(\frac{AC_a}{BC_a}\cdot\frac{AC_b}{BC_b}\big)\cdot\big(\frac{BA_b}{CA_b}\cdot\frac{BA_c}{CA_c}\big)\cdot\big(\frac{CB_c}{AB_c}\cdot\frac{CB_a}{AB_a}\big)=1. \)

Let $K$ and $M$ be the points of tangency of two of the mixtilinear incircles with side $AC.$

Conic in Mixtilinear Incircles - solution

Then, by the Power of a Point Theorem,

$AC_a\cdot AC_b=AK^{2}$ and $CA_b\cdot CA_c=CM^{2}.$

Now, we know that $AK=\displaystyle\frac{ab}{p}$ and $CM=\displaystyle\frac{bc}{p},$ where $a,b,c$ are the side lengths opposite vertices $A,B,C$ and $p=(a+b+c)/2$ the semiperimeter. The other elements in Carnot's criterion are defined cyclically, and this is why the condition holds: upon substitution all the terms cancel out.

\(\displaystyle \bigg(\frac{ab/p}{ab/p}\cdot\frac{bc/p}{bc/p}\cdot\frac{ac/p}{ac/p}\bigg)^{2}=1. \)


The problem has been conjectured by Emmanuel Antonio José García; the solution at the community blog of the artofproblemsolving site is due to Ivan Zelich.

Related material

Mixtilinear Incircles

  • Mixtilinear Circles and Concurrence
  • Sangakus with a Mixtilinear Circle
  • Radius and Construction of a Mixtilinear Circle
  • Sangaku with Three Mixtilinear Circles
  • Construction and Properties of Mixtilinear Incircles
  • Construction and Properties of Mixtilinear Incircles 2
  • A Sangaku: Two Unrelated Circles
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