Miguel Ochoa's van Schooten Like Theorem III

What Might This Be About?

10 May 2015, Created with GeoGebra


In $\Delta ABC,$ circle $(O)$ through $A$ and tangent to $BC$ in $D$ cuts $AB$ and $AC$ in $E$ and $F,$ respectively.

Miguel Ochoa's van Schooten Like Theorem, problem

Prove that $DE + DF = AD.$

In the notations I follow the original formulation:

Miguel Ochoa's van Schooten Like Theorem, original problem

Proof 4

There are two sister pages, one with Proofs 1 and 2 and the other with Proof 3. It seems to me that the present proof due to its elegance deserves to be treated separately.

Let $D'$ be the foot of the altitude from $A.$ Find $E'$ on $AC$ and $F'$ on $AB$ such that $DE'\perp AC$ and $DF'\perp AB.$

Miguel Ochoa's van Schotten Like Theorem, solution 4

By Viviani's theorem, $AD'=DE'+DF'.$

Next we note that, since $AFDE$ is a cyclic quadrilateral, $\angle DFB=\angle DEA.$ Further, since the circle is tangent to $BC,$ $\angle ADB=\angle DEA.$ Thus, the right triangles $ADD',$ $DEE'$ and $DFF'$ are similar such that $AD'=DE'+DF'$ implies $AD=DE+DF.$


The above statement has been posted by Miguel Ochoa Sanchez at the CutTheKnotMath facebook page. The proof is by Gobbalipur Jayanth.

This proof extends to an exciting generalization.

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