An Inequality with Constraint XI


sqrt{5a+4)+sqrt(5b+4)+sqrt(5c+4) is not less than 7

Solution 1

Since function $y=\sqrt{x}\;$ is concave for $x\ge 0,\;$ then according to Jensen's inequality, for $\alpha\in (0,1)\;$ and $u,v\ge 0,$

$\sqrt{\alpha u + (1-\alpha) v}\ge \alpha\sqrt{u}+(1-\alpha )\sqrt{v}.$

If so, $\sqrt{5a+4}=\sqrt{a\cdot 9+(1-a)\cdot 4}\ge a\sqrt{9}+(1-a)\sqrt{4}=a+2.\;$ Similarly, $\sqrt{5b+4}\ge b+2,\;$ $\sqrt{5c+4}\ge c+2.\;$ Adding up, gives

$\displaystyle\begin{align} \sqrt{5a+4}+\sqrt{5b+4}+\sqrt{5c+4}&\ge (a+2)+(b+2)+(c+2)\\ &=(a+b+c)+6\\ &= 7. \end{align}$

Solution 2

To start with, $f(x)\ge x+2$:

An  Inequality  with Constraint  XI, Daniel Dan

Solution 3

$\sqrt{5x+4}\ge x+2,\;$ for, upon squaring, it is seen to be equivalent to $0\ge a(a-1)\;$ which is true. Now add up.

Solution 4

$\sqrt{5b+4}+\sqrt{5c+4}\ge\sqrt{5(b+c)+4}+2=\sqrt{9-5a}+2.\,$ Therefore,


Hence, suffice it to show that $\sqrt{5a+4}+\sqrt{9-5a}\ge 5,\;$ for $a\in [0,1],\;$ which is obvious.

Solution 5

An  Inequality  with Constraint  XI, Nassim Taleb


Marian Dinca has has kindly shared a problem by Lê Vãn Hai which was posted by Leo Giugiuc at the Mathematical Inequalities facebook group. Solution 1 above is by Marian Dinca. Later Leo Giugiuc pointed to more solutions. Solution 2 is by Daniel Dan; Solution 3 by Imad Zak and, independently, by Ayad Reda; Solution 4 by Leo Giugiuc; Solution 5 is by Nassim Nicholas Taleb.

The inequality is a specific case of a general statement by Dorin Marghidanu


Inequalities with the Sum of Variables as a Constraint

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