Find the Center of a Given Circle
Geometric Construction with Compass Only
What Is This About?
Construct the center of a given circle.
We are given a circle. Point G will be shown to be its center. We proceed in several steps:
- On the arc, choose a point A. With A as a center and an aribtrary radius, draw circle I that intersects the given arc at two points - B and D.
- Use Problem #1 to construct the point C such that BC forms a diameter of the circle I.
- With the radius CD draw two circles - one centered at A, another at C, and denote by E the point of their intersection.
- Draw a circle of radius CD centered at E. This intersects the circle I at point F.
- Now, the segment BF is the radius of the given circle whereas the two circles drawn with this radius and centers at B and A intersect at its center.
The isosceles triangles ACE and AEF are congruent, therefore
Thus, the isosceles triangles ABF and ACE are similar which implies
|∠BAG = ∠ACD = ∠BAD/2 = ∠DAG|
with the latter two equalities following from the fact that
|∠BAD = ∠ADC + ∠ACD = 2∠ACD = 2∠BAG.|
Since ∠BAG = ∠DAG, we conclude that the isosceles triangles ABG and ADG are congruent and, therefore,
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