A Relation in Inscribed Tetrahedra

Source

A Relation in Inscribed Tetrahedra, problem

Proof

First, let's evaluate some scalar products, $\overrightarrow{AG}\cdot\overrightarrow{BG},\,$ for example.

On one hand, if the angle between $\overrightarrow{AG}\,$ and $\overrightarrow{BG}\,$ is $\alpha\,$ then $\overrightarrow{AG}\cdot\overrightarrow{BG} = AG\cdot BG\cos\alpha.\,$ On the other hand, $AB^2=AG^2+BG^2-2AG\cdot BG\cos\alpha.\,$ Eliminating $\cos\alpha\,$ from the two expressions shows that $2 \overrightarrow{AG}\cdot\overrightarrow{BG}=AG^2+BG^2-AB^2.$

We have $\overrightarrow{AG}+\overrightarrow{BG}+\overrightarrow{CG}+\overrightarrow{DG}=\overrightarrow{0},\,$ implying

$(\overrightarrow{AG}+\overrightarrow{BG}+\overrightarrow{CG}+\overrightarrow{DG})\cdot (\overrightarrow{AG}+\overrightarrow{BG}+\overrightarrow{CG}+\overrightarrow{DG})=0.$

Let's denote that scalar product as $T.\;$ Then

$\displaystyle\begin{align} T &= \sum_{cycl}AG^2 + 2\sum_{all}\overrightarrow{AG}\cdot\overrightarrow{BG}\\ &=\sum_{cycl}AG^2+\sum_{all}(AG^2+BG^2-AB^2)\\ &= 0 \end{align}$

It follows that $\displaystyle 4\sum_{cycl}AG^2=\sum_{all}AB^2.\,$ On the other hand,

$\overrightarrow{AO}+\overrightarrow{BO}+\overrightarrow{CO}+\overrightarrow{DO}=4\overrightarrow{GO},$

so that $(\overrightarrow{AO}+\overrightarrow{BO}+\overrightarrow{CO}+\overrightarrow{DO})^2=16GO^2\,$ and, subsequently, $16(R^2-d^2)=\displaystyle\sum_{all}AB^2,\,$ i.e.,

$\displaystyle 4\sum_{cycl}AG^2=16(R^2-d^2).$

But $\displaystyle\sum_{cycl}AG\le\sqrt{4\left(\sum_{cycl}AG^2\right)}=4\sqrt{R^2-d^2}.\,$ We are done.

Acknowledgment

The problem has been kindly posted at he CutTheKnotMath facebook page by Leo Giugiuc, along with a solution of his. Leo credits the problem to Gojko Klajdzic (Bosnia-Herzegovina) and Kadir Altintas (Turkey) for passing it along. The graphics is by Miguel Ochoa Sanchez.

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