Orthocentric System From Rectangle: What Is This About?
A Mathematical Droodle

Activities Contact Front page Contents Geometry
Copyright © 19962018 Alexander Bogomolny
The applet below provides an illustration to a problem from an outstanding collection by T. Andreescu and R. Gelca:
Let ABCD be a rectangle and let P be a point on its circumcircle, different from any vertex. Let X, Y, Z, and W be the projections of P onto the lines AB, BC, CD, and DA, respectively. Prove that the points X, Y, Z, W form an orthocentric system. 

Since obviously, XZ is orthogonal to YW, suffice it to show that
In rectangle BXPY, angles BPX and BYX are equal and so are angles DWZ and DPZ in rectangle DZPW. Since P lies on the a circle with diameter BD,
∠BPX + ∠DWZ = 90°. 
This means that lines XY and ZW form equal angles with two perpendicular lines (e.g., with BY and WY) and are thus perpendicular to each other.
References
 T. Andreescu, R. Gelca, Mathematical Olympiad Challenges, Birkhäuser, 2004, 5^{th} printing, 1.3.3 (p. 8)
Activities Contact Front page Contents Geometry
Copyright © 19962018 Alexander Bogomolny
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