Pleasant Proportions in Triangle

Through an arbitrary point inside a triangle, three lines parallel to the sides of the triangle are drawn. They divide the sides into three segments each, whose lengths are shown below:

Pleasant Proportions in Triangle - problem

Prove that



A simple proof is based on an observation that the three lines split the base triangle into three parallelograms and three similar triangles :

Pleasant Proportions in Triangle - solution

From several proportions due to the similarities I choose two:

$\displaystyle\frac{b_2}{c_1}=\frac{b_3}{c_2}$ and $\displaystyle\frac{b_1}{a_2}=\frac{b_3}{a_1}.$

The first is equivalent to $b_2c_2=c_1b_3$ into which we substitute $\displaystyle b_3=\frac{b_1a_1}{a_2}$ from the second:

$\displaystyle b_2c_2=c_1\frac{a_1b_1}{a_2}$

which is equivalent to $a_2b_2c_2=a_1b_1c_1.$ The second identity is proved similarly.


The problem has been offered at the 1990 USSR mathematical olympiad for grade 9 (B. Chinik, Kishinev.)

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