Squares in Semicircle and Circle

Prove the following statement

A square inscribed in a semicircle has 2/5 the area of a square inscribed in a circle of the same radius.
squares inscribed into a semicircle and a circle of the same radius - problem

Proof

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Copyright © 1996-2017 Alexander Bogomolny

Proof

squares inscribed into a semicircle and a circle of the same radius - solution

Taking the common radius of the circles to be 5, draw the circles centered in a node of a unit square grid as shown. On the right, the side of the square is a hypotenuse of a right triangle with legs 1 and 3 and therefore has a side length of 10 and the area of 10.

On the left the square has area of 4. The ratio of the two areas is therefore 4/10 = 2/5, as required.

References

  1. C. Alsina, R. B. Nelsen, Charming Proofs, MAA, 2010, p. 123

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Copyright © 1996-2017 Alexander Bogomolny

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