Maclaurin and Taylor series

For a (real) function f under certain conditions (Taylor's Theorem)

f(x) = f(a) + (x - a)f'(a) + (x - a)2f(2)(a)/2! + ... + (x - a)nf(n)(a)/n! + Rn

One obtains a Maclaurin series when a = 0. However, introducing g(x) = f(x + a) one gets f(n)(a) = g(n)(0), and so the Maclaurin series for g at x = 0 coincides with the Taylor series of f at x = a.

The remainder Rn looks very much like the expected next term, with the derivative evaluated at an intermediate point:

Rn = (x - a)n + 1f(n + 1)(γ)/(n + 1)!,

where γ is a point between a and x. For the derivation of this form for the remainder of the series f is required to have at least n + 1 continuous derivatives.

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Copyright © 1996-2018 Alexander Bogomolny

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