Midpoint Reciprocity in Napoleon's Configuration

What Might This Be About?

20 November 2014, Created with GeoGebra


Let $ABC_{o},$ $BCA_{o},$ $CAB_{o}$ be the outer, $ABC_{i},$ $BCA_{i},$ $CAB_{i}$ the inner Napoleon's triangles.

Napoleon's configuration - passing through the midpoints

Then the midpoints $AA_{o}$ and $B_{i}C_{i}$ coincide $(A_{m})$ as are the midpoints of $BB_{o},$ $C_{i}A_{i}$ $(B_{m})$ and $CC_{o},$ $A_{i}B_{i}$ $(C_{m}).$ A similar assertion holds with the exchange of the indices $_{o}$ and $_{i}$ throughout.


We'll use complex numbers. Let $\omega = \cos 60^{\circ}+i\sin 60^{\circ}$ be a counterclockwise rotation through $60^{\circ}.$ Treating points as complex numbers,

$\begin{align} A_{o}&=C+(B-C)\omega\\ B_{i}&=C+(A-C)\omega\\ C_{i}&=A+(B-A)\omega. \end{align}$

so that




and the proof is complete as other midpoints are treated similarly


The statement has been posted by Dao Thanh Oai (Vietnam) at the CutTheKnotMath facebook page.

Napoleon's Theorem

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