# Square Toroid

*Toroid* is a polyherdon homeomorphic to a torus with all faces simple polygons. The one shown below consists of 16 vertices, 32 edges and 16 faces. The Euler formula works as

V - E + F = 16 - 32 + 16 = 0 = 2 - 2·1

in agreement with the shape having one tunnel.

What if applet does not run? |

Drag the mouse to rotate the prism. Use the right button to remove and put back individual faces.

(**Acknowledgement**: I have learned most of Java details from the implementation by Meiko Rachimow.)

|Activities| |Contact| |Front page| |Contents| |Geometry| |Store|

Copyright © 1996-2017 Alexander Bogomolny

62336880 |